Once upon a time, a concrete slab was just that - a slab made up of concrete and nothing else. It didn't take long for contractors to learn that such slabs generally suffered from an unacceptable rate of cracking and other problems. In general, the thicker the slab, the more pronounced such issues were.
In an effort to increase the structural stability of poured concrete, a variety of different reinforcement methods were invented. Today the number of such strategies can be somewhat baffling - even for those who work in the industry. If you would like to brush up on your knowledge of concrete reinforcing techniques, read on.
This article will provide a useful overview of one of the most effective methods of reinforcing concrete: post-tensioning.
At the heart of a post-tensioning system lies a set of high tensile metal cables commonly referred to as tendons. Seven braded steel wires make up each tendon. These tendons are inside a corresponding number of plastic tubes. Installers lay these tubes, with the slack tendons inside of them, inside of the forms prior to the workers pouring the concrete.
The ends of the tubes must be oriented so that they lie flush along the inside of the forms. The idea is that concrete must be kept from getting into the tubes, lest it hardens and makes tensioning impossible. Once the concrete has cured to a fully hardened state - a process that can take days, if not weeks - workers move on to the stressing operation.
As its name would imply, the stressing operation involves the stretching of the tendons to the appropriate degree of force. Installers utilize hydraulic jacks to accomplish this. Most post-tensioned concrete is stressed to a value of 33,000 pounds of load. Once pulled to the appropriate degree of tension, the tendons anchor to the concrete's outer edge.
Post-tensioning as a form of concrete reinforcement falls under the larger category known as prestressing. This term can be somewhat misleading, leading many people to believe that the tendons are tightened prior to the workers pouring the concrete. Yet the pre in prestressing actually refers to the fact that tensioning occurs prior to any structural load that you place on the concrete.
Other types of prestressing techniques differ in that the reinforcing elements do have to be tensioned before the workers pout the concrete. By housing the tendons in plastic sheaths, however, post-tensioning allows workers to postpone this aspect until later in the installation. This simplifies the process, since tensioning the cables proves a much easier task once the slab has taken on its hardened state.
Benefits of Post Tensioning
The ease of the tensioning represents one of the chief benefits of post-tensioning. It allows workers to install concrete slabs more quickly and with less difficulty. The enormous strength of post-tensioned concrete also means that slabs do not need to be as thick as when using other reinforcing methods.
As a result, post-tensioned concrete allows contractors to lower their material cost by lowering the necessary volume of concrete. The incredible stiffness of post-tensioned concrete allows it to withstand structural instability in the underlying ground better. It also gives the concrete a greater degree of resistance to developing cracks. Any cracks that do manage to form will be pressed tightly together, making it difficult for them to grow or expand.
The advantages of post-tensioned concrete directly benefit those who work with concrete. Switching over from other prestressing techniques or rebar reinforcement makes more sense, the more you learn about posttensioning. For more information about this versatile concrete reinforcement technique, please don't hesitate to contact the pros at Southport Concrete Corp.